Efficacy according to blind independent central review: Post-hoc analyses from the phase III, randomized, multicenter, IPASS study of first-line gefitinib versus carboplatin/paclitaxel in Asian patients with EGFR mutation-positive advanced NSCLC

Yi-Long Wu, Nagahiro Saijo, Sumitra Thongprasert, J C-H Yang, Baohui Han, Benjamin Margono, Busayamas Chewaskulyong, Patrapim Sunpaweravong, Yuichiro Ohe, Yukito Ichinose, Jin-Ji Yang, Tony S K Mok, Helen Young, Vincent Haddad, Yuri Rukazenkov, Masahiro Fukuoka
Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 2017, 104: 119-125

OBJECTIVE: The Phase III, randomized, open-label IPASS study (NCT00322452) of first-line epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR TKI) gefitinib versus carboplatin/paclitaxel for Asian patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) showed that investigator-assessed progression-free survival (PFS) and objective response rate (ORR) were significantly prolonged in patients with EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC who received gefitinib versus patients with EGFR mutation-negative NSCLC. We report post-hoc analyses of IPASS data by blind independent central review (BICR), performed at the request of the US FDA, in a subset of patients with EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligible patients (aged ≥18 years; histologically/cytologically confirmed Stage IIB/IV adenocarcinoma NSCLC; non- or former light-smokers; treatment-naïve) were randomly assigned 1:1 to gefitinib (250mg/day) or carboplatin (dose calculated to produce an area under the curve of 5 or 6 mg/mL/minute)/paclitaxel (200mg/m2 ). Primary endpoint: PFS. BICR analyses included PFS, ORR, and duration of response (DoR).

RESULTS: Scans from 186 IPASS patients (gefitinib n=88, carboplatin/paclitaxel n=98) with EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC were available for BICR. Consistent with investigator-assessed results, in patients with EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC: PFS (hazard ratio 0.54; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.38, 0.79; p=0.0012) and ORR (odds ratio 3.00; 95% CI 1.63, 5.54; p=0.0004) were significantly longer with gefitinib versus carboplatin/paclitaxel. The median DoR by BICR was 9.6 months with gefitinib and 5.5 months with carboplatin/paclitaxel.

CONCLUSION: BICR analysis of IPASS data support the original, investigator-assessed results. EGFR mutation-positive status remains a significant predictor of response to first-line TKI therapy.


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