JOURNAL ARTICLE

Imaging Characteristics of Pediatric Diffuse Midline Gliomas with Histone H3 K27M Mutation

M S Aboian, D A Solomon, E Felton, M C Mabray, J E Villanueva-Meyer, S Mueller, S Cha
AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology 2017, 38 (4): 795-800
28183840

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The 2016 World Health Organization Classification of Tumors of the Central Nervous System includes "diffuse midline glioma with histone H3 K27M mutation" as a new diagnostic entity. We describe the MR imaging characteristics of this new tumor entity in pediatric patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed imaging features of pediatric patients with midline gliomas with or without the histone H3 K27 mutation. We evaluated the imaging features of these tumors on the basis of location, enhancement pattern, and necrosis.

RESULTS: Among 33 patients with diffuse midline gliomas, histone H3 K27M mutation was present in 24 patients (72.7%) and absent in 9 (27.3%). Of the tumors, 27.3% ( n = 9) were located in the thalamus; 42.4% ( n = 14), in the pons; 15% ( n = 5), within the vermis/fourth ventricle; and 6% ( n = 2), in the spinal cord. The radiographic features of diffuse midline gliomas with histone H3 K27M mutation were highly variable, ranging from expansile masses without enhancement or necrosis with large areas of surrounding infiltrative growth to peripherally enhancing masses with central necrosis with significant mass effect but little surrounding T2/FLAIR hyperintensity. When we compared diffuse midline gliomas on the basis of the presence or absence of histone H3 K27M mutation, there was no significant correlation between enhancement or border characteristics, infiltrative appearance, or presence of edema.

CONCLUSIONS: We describe, for the first time, the MR imaging features of pediatric diffuse midline gliomas with histone H3 K27M mutation. Similar to the heterogeneous histologic features among these tumors, they also have a diverse imaging appearance without distinguishing features from histone H3 wildtype diffuse gliomas.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
28183840
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"