Color Doppler-An effective tool for diagnosing midgut volvulus with malrotation

Bindey Kumar, Manish Kumar, Prem Kumar, Amit Kumar Sinha, Utpal Anand, Anil Kumar
Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology 2017, 36 (1): 27-31

BACKGROUND: Malrotation with midgut volvulus is a common surgical emergency in children. A diagnostic tool for malrotation with characteristics ideal in emergency settings such as non-invasiveness and rapidity remains a keenly debated issue among surgeons and radiologists alike.

METHODS: Fifty-two pediatric patients of suspected malrotation with midgut volvulus were studied between 1998 and 2016. All patients underwent plain abdominal X-ray and Color Doppler; contrast upper gastrointestinal (GI) studywas done in some patients. All cases were operated and diagnosis was confirmed. A subset of 60 pediatric patients with nonspecific GI complaints were also examined to see relative position of superior mesenteric vein (SMV)/superior mesenteric artery (SMA) in control population.

RESULT: A total of 52 suspected cases of malrotation were admitted from May 1998 to November 2015, 43 had inversion of SMA/SMV and nine had SMV anterior of SMA in Color Doppler. All 43 cases of inversion of SMA/SMV were cases of malrotation after surgical confirmation; while five out of nine cases of SMV anterior to SMA had malrotation.

CONCLUSION: In appropriate clinical settings, Color Doppler documenting the reversal or aberrant SMV/SMA axis is not only predictive but also diagnostic of malrotation of gut.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"