Acute high-intensity interval exercise reduces human monocyte Toll-like receptor 2 expression in type 2 diabetes

Cody Durrer, Monique Francois, Helena Neudorf, Jonathan P Little
American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology 2017 April 1, 312 (4): R529-R538
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is characterized by chronic low-grade inflammation that contributes to disease pathophysiology. Exercise has anti-inflammatory effects, but the impact of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) is not known. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of a single session of HIIT on cellular, molecular, and circulating markers of inflammation in individuals with T2D. Participants with T2D ( n = 10) and healthy age-matched controls (HC; n = 9) completed an acute bout of HIIT (7 × 1 min at ~85% maximal aerobic power output, separated by 1 min of recovery) on a cycle ergometer with blood samples obtained before (Pre), immediately after (Post), and at 1 h of recovery (1-h Post). Inflammatory markers on leukocytes were measured by flow cytometry, and TNF-α was assessed in both LPS-stimulated whole blood cultures and plasma. A single session of HIIT had an overall anti-inflammatory effect, as evidenced by 1 ) significantly lower levels of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 surface protein expression on both classical and CD16+ monocytes assessed at Post and 1-h Post compared with Pre ( P < 0.05 for all); 2 ) significantly lower LPS-stimulated TNF-α release in whole blood cultures at 1-h Post ( P < 0.05 vs. Pre); and 3 ) significantly lower levels of plasma TNF-α at 1-h Post ( P < 0.05 vs. Pre). There were no differences between T2D and HC, except for a larger decrease in plasma TNF-α in HC vs. T2D (group × time interaction, P < 0.05). One session of low-volume HIIT has immunomodulatory effects and provides potential anti-inflammatory benefits to people with, and without, T2D.

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