Novel variant in the PYGM gene causing late-onset limb-girdle myopathy, ptosis, and camptocormia

Chrystel Chéraud, Roseline Froissart, Béatrice Lannes, Andoni Echaniz-Laguna
Muscle & Nerve 2018, 57 (1): 157-160

INTRODUCTION: McArdle disease is a glycogen storage disease caused by mutations in the PYGM gene encoding myophosphorylase. It manifests classically with childhood-onset exercise-induced pain.

METHODS: We report the characteristics of 2 unrelated patients with a new homozygous mutation of the PYGM gene.

RESULTS: Two patients, aged 76 and 79 years, presented with severe upper and lower limb atrophy and weakness. Additionally, 1 patient presented with bilateral ptosis, and the other with camptocormia. In both patients, symptoms had developed progressively in the 2 preceding years, and there was no history of exercise intolerance. Both patients demonstrated myogenic abnormalities on electromyography, multiple glycogen-containing vacuoles and undetectable muscle myophosphorylase activity on muscle biopsy, and a novel homozygous frameshift p.Lys42Profs*48 PYGM mutation.

CONCLUSIONS: This report expands the phenotype and genotype of McArdle disease and suggests that PYGM mutations should be looked for in patients with very late-onset myopathy with no previous history of exercise intolerance. Muscle Nerve 57: 157-160, 2018.

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