JOURNAL ARTICLE

Inferior vena cava diameter in acute decompensated heart failure as predictor of all-cause mortality

Alexander Jobs, Kerstin Brünjes, Alexander Katalinic, Valentin Babaev, Steffen Desch, Michael Reppel, Holger Thiele
Heart and Vessels 2017, 32 (7): 856-864
28116486
Inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter can be used to approximate right atrial pressure in patients admitted for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). Recent studies linked IVC dilation to an increased risk of early re-admission and short-term mortality. Moreover, renal insufficiency (RI) is an established risk factor for mortality in ADHF and is associated with congestion. We hypothesized that the IVC diameter is a marker of all-cause mortality but its prognostic impact may be influenced by kidney function. We analyzed data of 1101 patients admitted for ADHF with available echocardiography of the IVC by chart review and death registry linkage. Patients were dichotomized according to a cut-off value of 21 mm. Cox proportional hazards model was used to identify mortality predictors. A dilated IVC was detected in 474 (43.1%) patients. Overall, 400 (36.3%) patients died within 3 years. All-cause mortality was significantly higher in patients with dilated IVC [hazard ratio 1.45 (confidence interval 1.21-1.74); p < 0.001]. However, a dilated IVC was only associated with all-cause mortality in patients with RI function [hazard ratio 1.60 (confidence interval 1.26-2.03); p < 0.001] but not in patients with a preserved kidney function [hazard ratio 1.04 (confidence interval 0.72-1.50); P = 0.84]. IVC diameter was identified as an independent predictor for all-cause mortality in a Cox proportional hazards model with a significant interaction between IVC diameter and baseline kidney function. In conclusion, IVC dilation is a marker of high mortality risk in patients admitted for ADHF. However, this observation was confined to patients with RI.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
28116486
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"