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Chest trauma: First 48hours management

Pierre Bouzat, Mathieu Raux, Jean Stéphane David, Karim Tazarourte, Michel Galinski, Thibault Desmettre, Delphine Garrigue, Laurent Ducros, Pierre Michelet, Marc Freysz, Dominique Savary, Fatima Rayeh-Pelardy, Christian Laplace, Raphaelle Duponq, Valérie Monnin Bares, Xavier Benoît D'Journo, Guillaume Boddaert, Mathieu Boutonnet, Sébastien Pierre, Marc Léone, Didier Honnart, Mathieu Biais, Fanny Vardon
Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine 2017, 36 (2): 135-145
28096063
Chest trauma remains an issue for health services for both severe and apparently mild trauma management. Severe chest trauma is associated with high mortality and is considered liable for 25% of mortality in multiple traumas. Moreover, mild trauma is also associated with significant morbidity especially in patients with preexisting conditions. Thus, whatever the severity, a fast-acting strategy must be organized. At this time, there are no guidelines available from scientific societies. These expert recommendations aim to establish guidelines for chest trauma management in both prehospital an in hospital settings, for the first 48hours. The "Société française d'anesthésie réanimation" and the "Société française de médecine d'urgence" worked together on the 7 following questions: (1) criteria defining severity and for appropriate hospital referral; (2) diagnosis strategy in both pre- and in-hospital settings; (3) indications and guidelines for ventilatory support; (4) management of analgesia; (5) indications and guidelines for chest tube placement; (6) surgical and endovascular repair indications in blunt chest trauma; (7) definition, medical and surgical specificity of penetrating chest trauma. For each question, prespecified "crucial" (and sometimes also "important") outcomes were identified by the panel of experts because it mattered for patients. We rated evidence across studies for these specific clinical outcomes. After a systematic Grade® approach, we defined 60 recommendations. Each recommendation has been evaluated by all the experts according to the DELPHI method.

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