JOURNAL ARTICLE

Immediate and short-term effects of aortic balloon valvuloplasty on left ventricular diastolic function and filling in humans

M F Stoddard, M G Vandormael, A C Pearson, C Gudipati, M J Kern, U Deligonul, A J Labovitz
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 1989 November 1, 14 (5): 1218-28
2808975
The effect of aortic balloon valvuloplasty on left ventricular diastolic function and filling was investigated in 44 adult patients with severe aortic stenosis. Two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography was performed in all patients before and 24 h after valvuloplasty. In 19 patients (short-term group) repeat studies were performed at 3 (n = 2) and 6 (n = 17) months. Left ventricular relaxation, chamber stiffness and filling were assessed in 16 patients (immediate post-valvuloplasty group) before and immediately after valvuloplasty by simultaneous micromanometer left ventricular pressure tracings and echocardiograms. Immediately after valvuloplasty, relaxation was slightly impaired in the immediate post-valvuloplasty group, as reflected by the isovolumic relaxation time constant (56 +/- 26 to 68 +/- 39 ms; p less than 0.01) and maximal negative dP/dt (2,063 +/- 640 to 1,767 +/- 495 mm Hg/s; p less than 0.001). The chamber stiffness constants and diastolic filling dynamics were unchanged immediately after valvuloplasty. Twenty-four hours after valvuloplasty, patients without mitral regurgitation (n = 24) showed increases in the peak early filling velocity (72 +/- 31 to 83 +/- 28 cm/s; p less than 0.05) and peak early to atrial filling velocity ratio (0.8 +/- 0.6 to 1.0 +/- 0.7; p less than 0.05). However, in patients with mitral regurgitation (n = 20), the diastolic filling dynamics were not significantly changed. In the short-term group at the 3 to 6 month follow-up period, patients without mitral regurgitation (n = 12) showed striking increases compared with pre-valvuloplasty values in the peak early filling velocity (66 +/- 21 to 93 +/- 31 cm/s; p less than 0.02), peak early to atrial filling velocity ratio (0.6 +/- 0.2 to 0.9 +/- 0.4; p less than 0.02) and early time-velocity integral (9 +/- 4 to 16 +/- 6 cm; p less than 0.002). In patients with mitral regurgitation (n = 7) decreases occurred in the peak early filling velocity (123 +/- 32 to 106 +/- 28 cm/s; p less than 0.05) and peak early to atrial filling velocity ratio (1.5 +/- 0.7 to 1.1 +/- 0.6; p less than 0.05). Functional class in hospital improved after valvuloplasty (3.1 +/- 1.0 to 2.6 +/- 0.9; p less than 0.001) and correlated modestly with the percent decrease in Doppler-derived peak gradient (rs = 0.41, p less than 0.02) and mean gradient (rs = 0.36, p less than 0.05), but did not correlate with changes in aortic valve area, left ventricular ejection fraction or diastolic filling variables.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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