microRNA-130a Promotes Human Keratinocyte Viability and Migration and Inhibits Apoptosis Through Direct Regulation of STK40-Mediated NF-κB Pathway and Indirect Regulation of SOX9-Meditated JNK/MAPK Pathway: A Potential Role in Psoriasis

Ying Xiong, Hongxiao Chen, Liqian Liu, Leihong Lu, Zongshan Wang, Fujun Tian, Yongliang Zhao
DNA and Cell Biology 2017, 36 (3): 219-226
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder. The aim of this study was to determine a potential role of microRNA (miR)-130a in psoriasis, and underlying mechanism. Expression levels of miR-130a in psoriasis specimens and normal skin tissues were analyzed. MiR-130a mimic, inhibitor, miR-control, small interfering RNA (siRNA) specific serine/threonine kinase 40 (STK40), or sex-determining region Y chromosome-box 9 (SOX9) were transfected to human keratinocyte HaCaT cells, respectively. After transfection, the cell viability, apoptosis, and migration were determined. Luciferase reporter assay, quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and western blot were performed to explore whether STK40 was a target of miR-130a. The effects of aberrant expressions of miR-130a, STK40, or SOX9 on key proteins of NF-κB and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway were assessed. The miR-130a levels were significantly higher in patients with psoriasis compared to the healthy controls (p < 0.01). Overexpressing miR-130a strikingly promoted HaCaT cell viability and migration and inhibited apoptosis (p < 0.01 or p < 0.05). We confirmed that STK40 was a direct target of miR-130a, and STK40 was involved in miR-130a-induced cell functions. Overexpressing miR-130a significantly upregulated NF-κB p65, SOX9, p-c-Jun, p-JNK, and p-p38MAPK proteins and silencing miR-130a downregulated them. In addition, silencing STK40 alleviated the effects of anti-miR-130a on SOX9 expression. Furthermore, silencing SOX9 also decreased levels of p-c-Jun, p-JNK, and p-p38MAPK proteins. MiR-130a regulates human keratinocyte HaCaT viability, migration and apoptosis might be by direct regulation of STK40-mediated NF-κB pathway and by indirect regulation of SOX9-mediated downstream JNK/MAPK signaling pathway.

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