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Successfully treated congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation by open fetal surgery: A care-compliant case report of a 5-year follow-up and review of the literature

Dazhi Fan, Shuzhen Wu, Rui Wang, Yi Huang, Yao Fu, Wen Ai, Meng Zeng, Xiaoling Guo, Zhengping Liu
Medicine (Baltimore) 2017, 96 (2): e5865

BACKGROUND: Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) is a rare hamartomatous cystic lesion. Open fetal surgery currently provides a potential therapeutic option for management of a fetus with CCAM diagnosis.

CASE SUMMARY: A 22-year-old G2P0 woman presented at (Equation is included in full-text article.)weeks' gestation for evaluation of a fetus with a left lung lesion and diagnosed as CCAM at (Equation is included in full-text article.)weeks' gestation. Open fetal surgery was performed to resection the lesion at (Equation is included in full-text article.)weeks' gestation under deep maternal general anesthesia. The mother presented at (Equation is included in full-text article.)weeks after open fetal surgery with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) and underwent cesarean delivery at (Equation is included in full-text article.)weeks' gestation. A vigorous woman infant of 1955 g, with good Apgar score, was delivered. At 1 month, 4 years, and present, 5 years after birth, she has continued to do well without any obvious deficit and both respiration and circulation were well maintained.

CONCLUSION: We present one case of CCAM which was cured by open fetal surgery and continued to do well at follow-up of 5 years. The success of treatment provided preliminary experience for further carrying out such interventions in China.

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