[Infection status, clinical symptoms and gene type transition of group A rotavirus in children, less than five years-of-age, with diarrhea in sentinel hospitals of Henan Province, China]

J Y Zhao, X J Shen, S L Xia, B F Zhang, Y J Mu, X Y Huang, B L Xu
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine] 2017 January 6, 51 (1): 82-86
Objective: To investigate the infectious status, gene type transition and epidemiological features of rotavirus A isolated from infants and children (<59 months-of-age) in sentinel hospitals from 2008 to 2015 in Henan province, China. Methods: In total, 2 541 stool samples (each 3- 5 ml) were collected from infants and children aged less than five years in two sentinel hospitals and group A rotavirus was detected by a double antibody sandwich ELISA. Viral RNA was extracted from positive samples and G/P gene typing was performed using a two-step nested multiplex RT-PCR. Epidemiological information (including demographic information such as age, sex and clinical symptoms) was also collected from the patients and analyzed. Results: Group A rotavirus was detected in 30.9% (785/2 541) of diarrhea samples from children. The detection rate was higher in October (54.8%, 345/629) and lower in July (5%, 5/101) each year from 2008 to 2015. The group A rotavirus infection rate was higher in boys (30.6%, 451/1 476) than in girls (31.4%, 334/1 065) (χ(2)=0.18, P=0.664). Infection mainly occurred in 4-12 months old patients (61.3%, 481/785) (χ(2)=196.69, P<0.001), and the infection rate was lower in cities (26%, 258/992) compared with rural areas (34.0%, 527/1 549) (χ(2)=18.19, P<0.001). G typing of 785 strains of group A rotavirus revealed the following types: G1 (13.5%, 106 strains), G2 (11.1%, 87 strains), G3 (29.7%, 233 strains), and G9 (57.5%, 451 strains); P typing revealed the predominance of P[4] (11.3%, 89 strains) and P[8] (84.7%, 665 strains); gene type combinations comprised mainly G9P[8], G2P[4], G3P[8], G1P[8], respectively accounted for 52.9% (415), 9.7% (76), 17.3% (136), 11.3% (89). Gene type combinations G1 [8] and G3P[8] have been decreasing in prevalence since 2008 and G9P[8] has become the dominant gene type of group A rotavirus in Henan province. Among the group A rotavirus infection samples, the male:female infection ratio was 1.4∶1 (451/334), with no significant difference in the infection rate (χ(2)=0.18, P=0.664); the infection rate was higher in 4- 12 months old patients (61.3%, 481/785), with a significant difference detected between age groups (χ(2)=196.69, P<0.001). The rate of detection was lower in cities (26.0%, 258/992) than in rural areas (34.0%, 527/1 549) (χ(2)=18.19, P<0.001). Clinical analysis revealed a body temperature of below 37 degrees in 75.7% of positive cases (594 patients), 37.0- 37.5 degrees in 17.2% of cases (135 patients), 37.6-38.0 degrees in 2.0% of cases (16 patients), and above 38 degrees in 5.1% of cases (40 patients), with most cases showing no fever or a mild fever. The frequency of episodes of diarrhea among the patients was 0- 3 times (21.1%, 166 cases), 4- 6 times (65.6%, 515 cases), 7- 9 times (8.0%, 63 cases), or 10- 15 times (5.2%, 41 cases), mainly showing mild and moderate diarrhea. Vomiting also varied in frequency among the patients from no vomiting (86.9%, 682 cases), 1-2 times (11.8%, 92 cases), 3 times (6.0%, 47 cases), and more than 3 times (0.4%, 3 cases). The occurrence of dehydration varied from no dehydration (86.9%, 682 cases), mild dehydration of 1%- 5% (12.1%, 95 cases), to severe dehydration of ≥5% (1.0%, 8 cases). Conclusion: A higher infection rate of group A rotavirus was detected in children younger than five years of age with acute diarrhea in sentinel hospitals in Henan province, including part-mixed infection cases. A predominance of cases was detected in the autumn, and secondly the spring of each year. Gene type G9P[8] was most frequently isolated. The majority of patients displayed no fever, vomiting or dehydration. The cases with clinical symptoms of fever, diarrhea, vomiting and dehydration often showed mild disease.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"