JOURNAL ARTICLE

Slowly progressive d-bifunctional protein deficiency with survival to adulthood diagnosed by whole-exome sequencing

Takashi Matsukawa, Kagari Mano Koshi, Jun Mitsui, Taro Bannai, Miho Kawabe, Hiroyuki Ishiura, Yasuo Terao, Jun Shimizu, Keiko Murayama, Jun Yoshimura, Koichiro Doi, Shinichi Morishita, Shoji Tsuji, Jun Goto
Journal of the Neurological Sciences 2017 January 15, 372: 6-10
28017249
d-Bifunctional protein (DBP) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder of peroxisomal fatty acid oxidation caused by mutations in HSD17B4. It is typically fatal by the age of two years with symptom onset during the neonatal period, and survival until late childhood is rare. We herein report the case of a patient with DBP deficiency surviving until adulthood, who showed severe sensorineural deafness, disturbances in language acquisition, slowly progressive cerebellar ataxia, and peripheral neuropathy. This patient, in whom findings of prior investigations were nondiagnostic, had been followed up as having an early-onset spinocerebellar degeneration of unknown etiology. Whole-exome sequencing analysis at the age of 36 showed two heterozygous variants in the gene HSD17B4, which encodes DBP in this patient. A panel of peroxisomal investigations showed normal levels of very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) in plasma and elevated serum phytanic acid levels. Recently, an increasing number of patients with DBP deficiency surviving until adolescence/adulthood have been reported, in whom abnormalities in the levels of VLCFAs and other peroxisomal metabolites are marginal or nonexistent. Genetic analysis of HSD17B4 should be considered in adult patients with cerebellar ataxia, peripheral neuropathy, and pyramidal signs in addition to sensorineural auditory disturbance since childhood.

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