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Three-dimensional intracranial EEG monitoring in presurgical assessment of MRI-negative frontal lobe epilepsy

Peng-Fan Yang, Ming-Chao Shang, Qiao Lin, Hui Xiao, Zhen Mei, Yan-Zeng Jia, Wei Liu, Zhong-Hui Zhong
Medicine (Baltimore) 2016, 95 (50): e5192
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-negative epilepsy is associated with poor clinical outcomes prognosis. The present study was aimed to assess whether intracranial 3D interictal and ictal electroencephalography (EEG) findings, a combination of EEG at a different depth, in addition to clinical, scalp EEG, and positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PETCT) data help to predict outcome in a series of patients with MRI-negative frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE) after surgery.Patients with MRI-negative FLE who were presurgically evaluated by 3D-intracranial EEG (3D-iEEG) recording were included. Outcome predictors were compared in patients with seizure freedom (group 1) and those with recurrent seizures (group 2) at least 24 months after surgery.Forty-seven patients (15 female) were included in this study. MRI was found normal in 38 patients, whereas a focal or regional hypometabolism was observed in 33 cases. Twenty-three patients (48.9%) were seizure-free (Engel class I), and 24 patients (51.1%) continued to have seizures (12 were class II, 7 were class III, and 5 were class IV). Detailed analysis of intracranial EEG revealed widespread (>2 cm) (17.4%:75%; P = 0.01) in contrast to focal seizure onset as well as shorter latency to onset of seizure spread (5.9 ± 7.1 s; 1.4 ± 2.9 s; P = 0.016) and to ictal involvement of brain structures beyond the frontal lobe (21.8 ± 20.3 s; 4.9 ± 5.1 s; P = 0.025) in patients without seizure freedom.The results suggest that presurgical evaluation using 3D-iEEG monitoring lead to a better surgical outcome as seizure free in MRI-negative FLE patients.

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