Solvothermally-Prepared Cu 2 O Electrocatalysts for CO 2 Reduction with Tunable Selectivity by the Introduction of p-Block Elements

Gastón O Larrazábal, Antonio J Martín, Frank Krumeich, Roland Hauert, Javier Pérez-Ramírez
ChemSusChem 2017 March 22, 10 (6): 1255-1265
The electroreduction of CO2 to fuels and chemicals is an attractive strategy for the valorization of CO2 emissions. In this study, a Cu2 O electrocatalyst prepared by a simple and potentially scalable solvothermal route effectively targeted CO evolution at low-to-moderate overpotentials [with a current efficiency for CO (CECO ) of ca. 60 % after 12 h at -0.6 V vs. reversible hydrogen electrode, RHE], and its selectivity was tuned by the introduction of p-block elements (In, Sn, Ga, Al) into the catalyst. SEM, HRTEM, and voltammetric analyses revealed that the Cu2 O catalyst undergoes extensive surface restructuring (favorable for CO evolution) under the reaction conditions. The modification of Cu2 O with Sn and In further enhanced the current efficiency (CE) for CO (ca. 75 % after 12 h at -0.6 V). In contrast, the introduction of Al altered the selectivity profile of the catalyst significantly, decreasing the selectivity toward CO but promoting the reduction of CO2 to ethylene (CE≈7 %), n-propanol, and ethanol (CE≈2 % each) at -0.8 V vs. RHE. This result is related to a decreased reducibility of Al-doped Cu2 O that might preserve Cu+ species (favorable for C2 H4 production) under the reaction conditions, which is supported by XRD, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and H2 temperature-programmed reduction observations.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"