Determination of 1,2/1,3-diglycerides in Sicilian extra-virgin olive oils by (1)H-NMR over a one-year storage period

Andrea Salvo, Archimede Rotondo, Giovanna Loredana La Torre, Nicola Cicero, Giacomo Dugo
Natural Product Research 2017, 31 (7): 822-828
This study is aimed to monitor by (1)H NMR spectroscopy the effect of a 12-month storage period on the 1,2-diglycerides over 1,3-diglycerides ratio for five mono-cultivar 'extra virgin olive oils' (EVOO) (Arbequina, Arbosana, Cerasuola, Nocellara and FS17) and one blend of two different cultivars (Nocellara + Biancolilla) preserved in the dark and at room temperature. These quantifications, at 500 MHz, are readily extracted through a specific and original integration difference method. Albeit it was known that the isomerisation rate is affected by the free acidity, we here demonstrate that it also depends on the presence of specific macromolecules (lipases), indeed, different EVOO cultivars with similar free acidity, show different isomerisation rate. Our results are consistent with similar diglyceride monitoring performed on Greek and Spanish EVOOs by (31)P NMR.

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