Repeated posterior dislocation of total hip arthroplasty after spinal corrective long fusion with pelvic fixation

Hiroki Furuhashi, Daisuke Togawa, Hiroshi Koyama, Hironobu Hoshino, Tatsuya Yasuda, Yukihiro Matsuyama
European Spine Journal 2017, 26 (Suppl 1): 100-106

PURPOSE: Several reports have indicated that anterior dislocation of total hip arthroplasty (THA) can be caused by spinal degenerative changes with excessive pelvic retroversion. However, no reports have indicated that posterior dislocation can be caused by fixed pelvic anteversion after corrective spine surgery. We describe a rare case experiencing repeated posterior THA dislocation that occurred at 5 months after corrective spinal long fusion with pelvic fixation.

METHODS: A 64-year-old woman had undergone bilateral THA at 13 years before presenting to our institution. She had been diagnosed with kyphoscoliosis and underwent three subsequent spinal surgeries after the THA. We finally performed spinal corrective long fusion from T5 to ilium with pelvic fixation (with iliac screws). Five months later, she experienced severe hip pain when she tried to stand up from the toilet, and was unable to move, due to posterior THA dislocation. Therefore, we performed closed reduction under sedation, and her left hip was easily reduced. After the reduction, she started to walk with a hip abduction brace. However, she had experienced 5 subsequent dislocations.

RESULTS: Based on our findings and previous reports, we have hypothesized that posterior dislocation could be occurred after spinal corrective long fusion with pelvic fixation due to three mechanisms: (1) a change in the THA cup alignment before and after spinal corrective long fusion surgery, (2) decreased and fixed pelvic posterior tilt in the sitting position, or (3) the trunk's forward tilting during standing-up motion after spinopelvic fixation.

CONCLUSIONS: Spinal long fusion with pelvic fixation could be a risk factor for posterior THA dislocation.

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