[Dynamin-1-related infantile spasms: a case report and review of literature]

X L Deng, F Yin, C L Zhang, Y P Ma, F He, L W Wu, J Peng
Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics 2016 November 2, 54 (11): 856-859
Objective: To analyze the clinical and gene mutation characteristics of dynamin-1 (DNM1)-related infantile spasms. Method: Clinical, laboratory and genetic data of one case of DNM1-related infantile spasms diagnosed by Xiangya Hospital in September 2015 were analyzed.Through taking "Dynamin-1" "DNM1" as key words to search at CNKI, Wanfang, PubMed and OMIM to date (April 2016), the clinical characteristics of 9 reported cases of DNM1-related epileptic encephalopathy in international literature with our case were reviewed. Result: The boy is the second child of healthy and nonconsanguineous parents.At 7 months, he started to have seizures with head dropping, and he was brought for the first time to our hospital at the age of 17 months.The patient presented with severe psychomotor retardation, epilepsy, muscular hypotonia, and electroencephalography showed hypsarhythmia.He received 28 days of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) therapy.After that, his seizures were improved with valproic acid and levetiracetam, and disappeared between 3 years and 5 months to 5 years and 5 months of age on treatment with valproic acid only.Exome-sequencing study (trios) identified novel heterozygous mutation c. 443A>G (p.Glu148Arg) in DNM1. Up to now, 9 cases of epileptic encephalopathy (infantile spasms or Lennox-Gastaut syndrome) associated with de novo DNM1 gene mutations have been reported. Conclusion: The main clinical features of DNM1 mutations include intractable seizures, intellectual disability, developmental delay, hypotonia, and developmental delay before the onset of seizures.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"