Suitability of the DRI Hydrocodone/Hydromorphone Immunoassay in the Clinical Environment at a Lower Cutoff: Validation With LC-MS/MS Analysis

Robert B Dixon, Amitava Dasgupta
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring 2016, 38 (6): 787-790

BACKGROUND: We evaluated the analytical performance of the DRI hydrocodone/hydromorphone assay by comparing semiquantitative values obtained by this assay with values obtained by a liquid chromatography combined with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method. We also evaluated the possibility of lowering the cutoff of the DRI assay from 300 to 100 ng/mL.

METHODS: We compared semiquantitative values obtained by the DRI assay in 97 specimens with values obtained by the LC-MS/MS method including 10 specimens containing hydrocodone and/or hydromorphone concentrations between 105.0 and 145.0 ng/mL (determined by LC-MS/MS) to determine the sensitivity at 100 ng/mL. In addition, several opioids at a concentration of 5000 ng/mL were also analyzed by the DRI assay to determine its specificity.

RESULTS: We observed no false-negative result using the DRI immunoassay in 96 specimens that showed semiquantitative values at 100 ng/mL or higher. However, one specimen containing 110 ng/mL of hydrocodone was false negative with the DRI assay (semiquantitative value 88 ng/mL, below 100 ng/mL cutoff). The semiquantitative values produced by DRI showed poor correlation with values determined by the LC-MS/MS method. The sensitivity of the DRI assay at 100 ng/mL was 90%, and the assay was very specific showing minimal cross-reactivity only with oxycodone and oxymorphone.

CONCLUSIONS: DRI immunoassay for hydrocodone/hydromorphone is a cost-effective method of screening urine specimens in the clinical environment at a lower cutoff of 100 ng/mL.

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