Cyclosporine treatment for Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis: Retrospective analysis of a cohort treated in a specialized referral center

Haur Yueh Lee, Stephanie Fook-Chong, Hong Yi Koh, Tharmotharampillai Thirumoorthy, Shiu Ming Pang
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 2017, 76 (1): 106-113

BACKGROUND: Treatment of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) remains controversial.

OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the impact of cyclosporine on hospital mortality in patients with SJS/TEN.

METHODS: All patients with SJS and TEN admitted to our center from 2011 to 2014 were treated under a standardized protocol that allowed for cyclosporine therapy if the inclusion and exclusion criteria were met. Clinical data were reviewed retrospectively. Comparative analysis was made on mortality outcomes with patients treated with cyclosporine versus what was expected based on SCORTEN.

RESULTS: In all, 44 patients were admitted during the study period. A total of 24 patients received cyclosporine and the remaining 20 patients were treated supportively. SCORTEN predicted 7.2 deaths and 3 were observed in the group treated with cyclosporine. In the group treated supportively, SCORTEN predicted 5.9 deaths and 6 deaths were observed. The standardized mortality ratio of SJS/TEN treated with cyclosporine was 0.42 (95% confidence interval 0.09-1.22).

LIMITATION: Small sample size, retrospective design, and referral bias are limitations.

CONCLUSION: The use of cyclosporine may improve mortality in SJS/TEN and needs to be validated in controlled studies.

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