Ocular manifestations of endemic syphilis (bejel)

K F Tabbara, A S al Kaff, T Fadel
Ophthalmology 1989, 96 (7): 1087-91
Bejel or nonvenereal syphilis is a treponemal infection that is still endemic in many parts of the world including Saudi Arabia. The authors have examined 17 patients with clinical findings consistent with bejel. All patients had positive serologic tests for bejel. There were 11 male and six female patients, with a mean age of 54 years (range, 37-73 years). Results of clinical examination showed uveitis in nine patients, optic atrophy in six, and chorioretinitis scars in six. In four patients who needed intraocular surgery, two aqueous specimens showed positive antibodies for Treponema pallidum.

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