Patient-specific factors influencing the traction forces in hip arthroscopy

Martin Ellenrieder, Thomas Tischer, Rainer Bader, Peter Cornelius Kreuz, Wolfram Mittelmeier
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 2017, 137 (1): 81-87

INTRODUCTION: The application of traction in hip arthroscopy is associated with peri-operative complications. Within a therapeutic case series, patient-related factors correlating with high-traction forces during hip arthroscopy and occurring complications should be identified.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 30 male and 38 female patients (mean age: 44.5 years), intra-operative traction forces were monitored continuously using a specialised measurement device. A multivariate analysis was employed to identify patient-related factors influencing the traction force. Peri-operative complications (follow-up: 12 weeks) were evaluated by performing a single-case analysis.

RESULTS: The mean initial force prior to penetration of the capsule ("initial force") was 477 N (men: 517 N; women: 444 N), decreasing after capsulotomy by an average of 17 %. The male gender (p < 0.001), Kellgren and Lawrence radiographic stage (p = 0.037), low minimum joint-space width (p = 0.029) and high body height/weight (p = 0.003/0.037) correlated significantly with higher distraction forces. The patient age and type of anaesthesia (general versus spinal) were not relevant. Complications were observed in ten patients on the first post-operative day. In two of these patients a partial sensory deficit of the lateral cutaneous femoral nerve persisted after 12 weeks. All patients with complications required initial traction forces of >400 N.

CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed several patient-specific risk factors correlating with high-traction forces during hip arthroscopy. With view to potential complications, these patient groups require special attention during surgical treatment as well as in future studies.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"