JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY

Sexual Function, Contraception, Relationship, and Lifestyle in Female Medical Students

Christian W Wallwiener, Lisa-Maria Wallwiener, Harald Seeger, Birgitt Schönfisch, Alfred O Mueck, Johannes Bitzer, Stephan Zipfel, Sara Y Brucker, Stephanie Wallwiener, Florin-Andrei Taran, Markus Wallwiener
Journal of Women's Health 2017, 26 (2): 169-177
27690283

BACKGROUND: We undertook to study possible determinants of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in a large cohort of female medical students from German-speaking countries.

METHODS: We conducted an online questionnaire-based anonymous survey in a cohort of >2600 female medical students enrolled at German-speaking universities. The questionnaire comprised the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) plus additional questions regarding contraception, sexual activity, age, height, weight, lifestyle, activity at work, sexuality and emotional interaction with a steady partner, pregnancy history and plans, health problems, and self-acceptance. Data analysis employed descriptive statistics, univariate and multivariate analyses, and standard nonparametric tests.

RESULTS: Of the 2612 respondents aged ≤30 years included in the analysis (mean age [standard deviation], 23.5 [2.5] years), 38.7% of the overall cohort and 33.5% of the sexually active subcohort (91.8% of all students) were at risk for FSD (FSFI score <26.55). Multivariate analysis revealed the following significant factors to be associated with the FSFI: alcohol consumption, level of fitness, use of contraception, steady relationship, and self-acceptance (overall cohort and sexually active subcohort); smoking (overall cohort only); and body mass index and activity at work (sexually active subcohort only).

CONCLUSIONS: Almost 40% of German-speaking female medical students are at risk for FSD. Contraception, smoking, alcohol, steady relationship, physical fitness, and self-acceptance are significantly associated with the FSFI total score. Being in a steady relationship, better physical fitness, higher activity at work, and subjectively positive self-acceptance, in particular, are associated with higher FSFI total scores, that is, with less risk for sexual dysfunction.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
27690283
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"