Do Conversion Total Hip Arthroplasty Yield Comparable Results to Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty?

Ran Schwarzkopf, Garwin Chin, Kelvin Kim, Dermot Murphy, Antonia F Chen
Journal of Arthroplasty 2017, 32 (3): 862-871

BACKGROUND: The incidence of hip fractures is growing with the increasing elderly population. Typically, hip fractures are treated with open reduction internal fixation, hemiarthroplasty, or total hip arthroplasty (THA). Failed hip fracture fixation is often salvaged by conversion THA. The total number of conversion THA procedures is also supplemented by its use in treating different failed surgical hip treatments such as acetabular fracture fixation, Perthes disease, slipped capital femoral epiphysis, and developmental dysplasia of the hip. As the incidence of conversion THA rises, it is important to understand the perioperative characteristics of conversion THA. Some studies have demonstrated higher complication rates in conversion THAs than primary THAs, but research distinguishing the 2 groups is still limited.

METHODS: Perioperative data for 119 conversion THAs and 251 primary THAs were collected at 2 centers. Multivariable linear regression was performed for continuous variables, multivariable logistic regression for dichotomous variables, and chi-square test for categorical variables.

RESULTS: Outcomes for conversion THAs were significantly different (P < .05) compared to primary THA and had longer hospital length of stay (average 3.8 days for conversion THA, average 2.8 days for primary THA), longer operative time (168 minutes conversion THA, 129 minutes primary THA), greater likelihood of requiring metaphysis/diaphysis fixation, and greater likelihood of requiring revision type implant components.

CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that conversion THAs require more resources than primary THAs, as well as advanced revision type components. Based on these findings, conversion THAs should be reclassified to reflect the greater burden borne by treatment centers.


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