JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

[Endometriosis : An often unrecognized pain disorder]

S Mechsner
Der Schmerz 2016, 30 (5): 477-490
27681777
Endometriosis is a chronic disease of women during their reproductive age. The most typical symptoms are dysmenorrhoea, dyspareunia, dysuria, cyclical and acyclical pelvic pain, bleeding disorders and infertility. These symptoms lead to significant impairment of the quality of life and economic burden. The prevalence is estimated to be 2-20 % of all women in this age and due to this fact, it is one of the most frequently benign gynecological diseases. Not all women suffer from severe symptoms, but more than 50 % require ongoing treatment. Beside the severe physical impairment due to the pain, the high recurrence rate of 50-80 % also after surgical and/or hormonal treatment is problematic. The interval between onset of symptoms and diagnosis is approximately 6-8 years. These problems are a consequence of lack of knowledge about the pathogenesis of the disease and the pain mechanisms as well as the lack of awareness of physicians in this field.

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