JOURNAL ARTICLE
RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Metabolic syndrome is related to polyneuropathy and impaired peripheral nerve function: a prospective population-based cohort study.

OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus is a known risk factor for polyneuropathy, but the role of pre-diabetes and metabolic syndrome remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the role of these factors in a community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly population.

METHODS: 1256 participants of the population-based Rotterdam Study (mean age 70.0, 54.5% females) were screened for polyneuropathy with a questionnaire, neurological examination and nerve conduction studies. Data on type 2 diabetes and components of metabolic syndrome were also collected. Logistic regression was used to investigate associations of diabetes, pre-diabetes and metabolic syndrome and its separate components with polyneuropathy. Linear regression was used to investigate associations with nerve conduction parameters in participants without polyneuropathy.

FINDINGS: Diabetes was associated with polyneuropathy (OR 3.01, 95% CI 1.60 to 5.65), while impaired fasting glucose was not (OR 1.55, 95% CI 0.70 to 3.44). Metabolic syndrome was associated with polyneuropathy (OR 1.92, 95% CI 1.09 to 3.38), with a stronger association when more components of the syndrome were present. Analysing separate components of metabolic syndrome revealed associations for elevated waist circumference (OR 2.84, 95% CI 1.35 to 5.99) and elevated triglycerides (OR 2.01, 95% CI 1.11 to 3.62). Similar associations were found after excluding participants with diabetes. In participants without polyneuropathy, metabolic syndrome associated with lower sural sensory nerve action potential amplitudes.

CONCLUSIONS: Metabolic syndrome, abdominal obesity and dyslipidaemia, are strongly associated with polyneuropathy, irrespective of the presence of diabetes. Metabolic syndrome also associates with impaired nerve function in people without polyneuropathy. Our study therefore suggests that cardiometabolic disturbances have an impact on peripheral nerve function that extends beyond clinically manifest disease.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app