The high expression of long non-coding RNA PANDAR indicates a poor prognosis for colorectal cancer and promotes metastasis by EMT pathway

Min Lu, Zhuo Liu, Bo Li, Gang Wang, Dechuan Li, Yuping Zhu
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 2017, 143 (1): 71-81

BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to have crucial regulatory roles in human cancer biology. LncRNA PANDAR is a novel identified lncRNA that was previously reported to be increased in various cancers; however, its effect in colorectal cancer (CRC) remains unknown. The aim of this study was to explore the expression and role of lncRNA PANDAR in CRC.

METHODS: The expression of lncRNA PANDAR was examined in CRC samples and cell lines by qRT-PCR. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards model were performed to evaluate the clinical and prognostic significance of lncRNA PANDAR in CRC patients. Furthermore, the biological function of lncRNA PANDAR on tumor cell growth, apoptosis and mobility was investigated through CCK-8, soft agar colony formation, flow cytometry, transwell migration and invasion assays in vitro. The potential mechanism of lncRNA PANDAR was demonstrated by Western blot and qRT-PCR.

RESULTS: The expression level of PANDAR was higher in CRC tissues and cells compared to adjacent non-tumor tissues and normal colonic epithelial cells. Patients with high PANDAR expression level had poorer overall survival than those with low PANDAR expression. Moreover, multivariate analysis showed that the status of PANDAR expression was an independent prognostic indicator for CRC. Knockdown of PANDAR could inhibit cell growth, migration and invasion, arrest cell cycle as well as induce apoptosis of CRC cells in vitro study. In addition, PANDAR could affect epithelial-mesenchymal transition through inhibiting N-cadherin, vimentin, β-catenin, Snail and Twist expression and increasing the expression levels of E-cadherin.

CONCLUSION: Our data suggested that lncRNA PANDAR was a novel molecule involved in CRC progression, which provided a potential prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for new therapies in patients with CRC.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"