Burden of disease in adult patients with hypophosphatasia: Results from two patient-reported surveys

Thomas J Weber, Eileen K Sawyer, Scott Moseley, Tatjana Odrljin, Priya S Kishnani
Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental 2016, 65 (10): 1522-30

BACKGROUND: Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare metabolic bone disease caused by loss-of-function mutation(s) in the tissue-nonspecific alkaline (TNSALP) phosphatase gene, which manifests as rickets and/or osteomalacia with systemic complications and affects patients of all ages. The burden of disease is poorly characterized in adult patients.

AIMS: We assessed patient-reported burden of disease using two surveys reasonably specific for HPP symptomatology, the Hypophosphatasia Impact Patient Survey (HIPS) and the Hypophosphatasia Outcomes Study Telephone interview (HOST).

METHODS: Patients with HPP were invited to participate via patient advocacy groups or their medical provider. Survey questions captured demography, HPP-related medical history, mobility, and health-related quality of life (using Short Form 12 [version 2] Health Survey [SF-12v2]) via internet report (HIPS) or telephone interview (HOST).

RESULTS: One hundred twenty-five adults responded (mean [standard deviation, SD] age: 45 [14.3] years). Eighty-four patients (67%) reported pediatric-onset of their symptoms. Common clinical features in the study population included pain (95% of patients), fractures (86% of patients) muscle weakness (62%) and unusual gait (52%). Use of assistive devices for mobility (60%) was also prevalent. Twenty-six percent of patients reported more than 10 fractures. Seventy-four percent of patients had undergone orthopedic/dental surgical procedures. The health profile of patients responding on the SF-12 showed a broad and substantial impact of HPP on health-related quality of life, with domains related to physical ability showing the greatest decrement compared to normative data.

CONCLUSIONS: In aggregate, these data indicate that HPP can confer a high burden of illness in adulthood.

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