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JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY

Phase 1/2 study of daratumumab, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone for relapsed multiple myeloma

Torben Plesner, Hendrik-Tobias Arkenau, Peter Gimsing, Jakub Krejcik, Charlotte Lemech, Monique C Minnema, Ulrik Lassen, Jacob P Laubach, Antonio Palumbo, Steen Lisby, Linda Basse, Jianping Wang, A Kate Sasser, Mary E Guckert, Carla de Boer, Nushmia Z Khokhar, Howard Yeh, Pamela L Clemens, Tahamtan Ahmadi, Henk M Lokhorst, Paul G Richardson
Blood 2016 October 6, 128 (14): 1821-1828
27531679
Daratumumab, a human CD38 immunoglobulin G1 kappa (IgG1κ) monoclonal antibody, has activity as monotherapy in multiple myeloma (MM). This phase 1/2 study investigated daratumumab plus lenalidomide/dexamethasone in refractory and relapsed/refractory MM. Part 1 (dose escalation) evaluated 4 daratumumab doses plus lenalidomide (25 mg/day orally on days 1-21 of each cycle) and dexamethasone (40 mg/week). Part 2 (dose expansion) evaluated daratumumab at the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) plus lenalidomide/dexamethasone. Safety, efficacy, pharmacokinetics, immunogenicity, and accelerated daratumumab infusions were studied. In part 1 (13 patients), no dose-limiting toxicities were observed, and 16 mg/kg was selected as the R2PD. In part 2 (32 patients), median time since diagnosis was 3.2 years, with a median of 2 prior therapies (range, 1-3 prior therapies), including proteasome inhibitors (91%), alkylating agents (91%), autologous stem cell transplantation (78%), thalidomide (44%), and lenalidomide (34%); 22% of patients were refractory to the last line of therapy. Grade 3 to 4 adverse events (≥5%) included neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, and anemia. In part 2, infusion-related reactions (IRRs) occurred in 18 patients (56%); most were grade ≤2 (grade 3, 6.3%). IRRs predominantly occurred during first infusions and were more common during accelerated infusions. In part 2 (median follow-up of 15.6 months), overall response rate was 81%, with 8 stringent complete responses (25%), 3 complete responses (9%), and 9 very good partial responses (28%). Eighteen-month progression-free and overall survival rates were 72% (95% confidence interval, 51.7-85.0) and 90% (95% confidence interval, 73.1-96.8), respectively. Daratumumab plus lenalidomide/dexamethasone resulted in rapid, deep, durable responses. The combination was well tolerated and consistent with the safety profiles observed with lenalidomide/dexamethasone or daratumumab monotherapy. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01615029.

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