JOURNAL ARTICLE

Expression of AR-V7 in Circulating Tumour Cells Does Not Preclude Response to Next Generation Androgen Deprivation Therapy in Patients with Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer

Christof Bernemann, Thomas J Schnoeller, Manuel Luedeke, Konrad Steinestel, Martin Boegemann, Andres J Schrader, Julie Steinestel
European Urology 2017, 71 (1): 1-3
27471164

The androgen receptor splice variant AR-V7 has recently been discussed as a predictive biomarker for nonresponse to next-generation androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer. However, we recently identified one patient showing a response from abiraterone despite expression of AR-V7 in his circulating tumour cells (CTC). Therefore, we precisely assessed the response in a cohort of 21 AR-V7 positive castration-resistant prostate cancer patients who had received therapy with abiraterone or enzalutamide. We detected a subgroup of six AR-V7 positive patients showing benefit from either abiraterone or enzalutamide. Their progression free survival was 26 d (censored) to 188 d. Four patients displayed a prostate-specific antigen decrease of >50%. When analysing prior therapies, we noticed that only one of the six patients had received next-generation ADT prior to CTC collection. As a result, we conclude that AR-V7 status in CTC cannot entirely predict nonresponse to next generation ADT and AR-V7-positive patients should not be systematically denied abiraterone or enzalutamide treatment, especially as effective alternative treatment options are still limited.

PATIENT SUMMARY: A subgroup of patients can benefit from abiraterone and/or enzalutamide despite detection of AR-V7 splice variants in their circulating tumour cells.

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