Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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Manufacture of GMP-compliant functional adenovirus-specific T-cell therapy for treatment of post-transplant infectious complications.

Cytotherapy 2016 September
BACKGROUND AIMS: In pediatric patients, adenovirus (ADV) reactivation after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo HSCT) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. For patients who do not respond to antiviral drug therapy, a new treatment approach using ADV-specific T cells can present a promising alternative. Here we describe the clinical scale Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)-compliant manufacture and characterization of 40 ADV-specific T-cell products, Cytovir ADV, which are currently being tested in a multi-center phase I/IIa clinical trial. This process requires minimal intervention, is high yield, and results in a pure T-cell product that is functional.

METHODS: Mononuclear cells (2 × 10(7)) were cultured in a closed system in the presence of GMP-grade ADV peptide pool and cytokines for 10 days. On day 10, the T-cell product was harvested, washed in a closed system, counted and assessed for purity and potency. Additional characterization was carried out where cell numbers allowed.

RESULTS: Thirty-eight of 40 products (95%) met all release criteria. Median purity of the cell product was 88.3% CD3+ cells with a median yield of 2.9 × 10(7) CD3+ cells. Potency analyses showed a median ADV-specific interferon (IFN)γ response of 5.9% of CD3+ and 2345 IFNγ spot-forming cells/million. CD4 and CD8 T cells were capable of proliferating in response to ADV (63.3 and 56.3%, respectively). These virus-specific T cells (VST) were heterogenous, containing both effector memory and central memory T cells. In an exemplar patient with ADV viremia treated in the open ASPIRE trial, ADV-specific T-cell response was detected by IFNγ enzyme-linked immunospot from 13 days post-infusion. ADV DNA levels declined following cellular therapy and were below level of detection from day 64 post-infusion onward.

CONCLUSIONS: The clinical-scale GMP-compliant One Touch manufacturing system is feasible and yields functional ADV-specific T cells at clinically relevant doses.

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