JOURNAL ARTICLE

Evaluation of primary stability of innovated orthodontic miniscrew system (STS): An ex-vivo study

Massoud Seifi, Negin-Sadat Matini
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry 2016, 8 (3): e255-9
27398174

BACKGROUND: Stability is determined as one of the requirements in use of Temporary Anchorage Devices (TAD) in orthodontics. Miniscrew has been a widely used Bone Anchor. Compared with mini-implant that necessitates osseointegration; mechanical retention is a determining factor for primary stability of miniscrew. Studies investigated various ways to increase primary stability. The aim of this study is to introduce a new configuration of miniscrew system which is believed to obtain more primary stability.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Freshly ovine mandibles were cut in blocks. Twenty-seven miniscrews (diameter 1.6 × 8 mm; G2, Dual Top Anchor System, Jeil Medical, Seoul, Korea) were inserted in the blocks and divided in 2 experimental groups: single miniscrew and the innovated design "Seifi Twin Screw (STS)". Primary stability was evaluated by Periotest "M"® device.

RESULTS: Independent t-test showed a significant difference between 2 experimental groups in periotest evaluation (p< 0.05). STS demonstrated higher primary stability due to its mechanical configuration and design.

CONCLUSIONS: The STS provides higher primary stability and was found to be effective in increased success rate of miniscrew systems from the standpoint of primary stability.

KEY WORDS: Anchorage procedures, anchorage techniques, orthodontic anchorage procedures, miniscrews, temporary anchorage device.

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