Characteristics, treatment patterns, and survival among ALK+ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with crizotinib: A chart review study

Jacques Cadranel, Keunchil Park, Oscar Arrieta, Miklos Pless, Edmond Bendaly, Dony Patel, Medha Sasane, Adam Nosal, Elyse Swallow, Philip Galebach, Andrew Kageleiry, Karen Stein, Ravi Degun, Jie Zhang
Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 2016, 98: 9-14

OBJECTIVES: Second-generation ALK inhibitors are recently available for ALK+ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients previously treated with crizotinib. This study described characteristics, treatment sequencing, and outcomes among locally advanced/metastatic crizotinib-experienced ALK+ NSCLC patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: From July 2014 to June 2015, a retrospective patient chart review was conducted among physicians from the US, EU, Korea, and Latin America. Participating clinicians identified their ALK+ NSCLC patients who received crizotinib and reported on their clinical characteristics, treatments, and survival using a pre-defined case report form. Kaplan-Meier analyses were used to describe overall survival (OS) and clinician-defined progression-free survival (PFS).

RESULTS: Participating clinicians reviewed charts of 158 ALK+ NSCLC patients treated with crizotinib during the study period. Crizotinib was most commonly received in the second-line setting (41% of patients), though this varied across geographical regions. Roughly half (53%) of the patients who discontinued crizotinib received further antineoplastic therapy; second-generation ALK inhibitors (44%) and chemotherapy (42%) regimens were used most frequently. Following crizotinib discontinuation, median OS was 8.2 months. Among patients who did not initiate a second-generation ALK inhibitor following crizotinib, median OS was 4.9 months; among those who did, median OS was not reached. Among patients who received chemotherapy immediately following crizotinib discontinuation, time to clinician-defined PFS from post-crizotinib chemotherapy initiation was 3.6 months.

CONCLUSION: Following crizotinib discontinuation, many patients received no further antineoplastic therapy, and OS was poor among patients who did not receive a second-generation ALK inhibitor. Recently available second-generation ALK inhibitors may provide important treatment options for ALK+ NSCLC patients.

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