Treatment experience and long-term follow-up data in two severe neonatal hyperparathyroidism cases

Senay Savas-Erdeve, Elif Sagsak, Meliksah Keskin, Corinne Magdelaine, Anne Lienhardt-Roussie, Erdal Kurnaz, Semra Cetinkaya, Zehra Aycan
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM 2016 September 1, 29 (9): 1103-10
The calcium sensing receptor (CASR) is expressed most abundantly in the parathyroid glands and the kidney. CASR regulates calcium homeostasis through its ability to modulate parathormone secretion and renal calcium reabsorption. Inactivating mutations in the CASR gene may result in disorders of calcium homeostasis manifesting as familial benign hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FBHH) and neonatal severe hyperparathyroidsm (NSHPT). Two cases were referred with severe hypercalcemia in the neonatal period. Laboratory evaluation revealed severe hypercalcemia and elevated PTH. The parents also had mild hypercalcemia. The serum calcium level did not normalize with conventional hypercalcemia treatment and there was also no response to cinacalcet in case 1. Total parathyroidectomy was performed when the patient was 70 days old. Genetic analysis revealed a novel homozygous p.Arg544* mutation in the CASR gene. Case 2 underwent total parathyroidectomy and autoimplantation when she was 97 days old, but the parathyroid gland implanted into the forearm was removed 27 days later because the hypercalcemia continued. Genetic evaluation revealed a novel homozygous p.Pro682Leu mutation with normal anthropometric measurements. The neurological development is consistent with age in both cases while case 2 has mild mental retardation. No bone deformity or fracture is present in either case and normocalcemia is ensured with calcitriol in both cases.

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