Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Non-Lethal Type VIII Osteogenesis Imperfecta Has Elevated Bone Matrix Mineralization.

CONTEXT: Type VIII osteogenesis imperfecta (OI; OMIM 601915) is a recessive form of lethal or severe OI caused by null mutations in P3H1, which encodes prolyl 3-hydroxylase 1.

OBJECTIVES: Clinical and bone material description of non-lethal type VIII OI.

DESIGN: Natural history study of type VIII OI.

SETTING: Pediatric academic research centers.

PATIENTS: Five patients with non-lethal type VIII OI, and one patient with lethal type VIII OI.


MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical examinations included bone mineral density, radiographs, and serum and urinary metabolites. Bone biopsy samples were analyzed for histomorphometry and bone mineral density distribution by quantitative backscattered electron imaging microscopy. Collagen biochemistry was examined by mass spectrometry, and collagen fibrils were examined by transmission electron microscopy.

RESULTS: Type VIII OI patients have extreme growth deficiency, an L1-L4 areal bone mineral density Z-score of -5 to -6, and normal bone formation markers. Collagen from bone and skin tissue and cultured osteoblasts and fibroblasts have nearly absent 3-hydroxylation (1-4%). Collagen fibrils showed abnormal diameters and irregular borders. Bone histomorphometry revealed decreased cortical width and very thin trabeculae with patches of increased osteoid, although the overall osteoid surface was normal. Quantitative backscattered electron imaging showed increased matrix mineralization of cortical and trabecular bone, typical of other OI types. However, the proportion of bone with low mineralization was increased in type VIII OI bone, compared to type VII OI.

CONCLUSIONS: P3H1 is the unique enzyme responsible for collagen 3-hydroxylation in skin and bone. Bone from non-lethal type VIII OI children is similar to type VII, especially bone matrix hypermineralization, but it has distinctive features including extremely thin trabeculae, focal osteoid accumulation, and an increased proportion of low mineralized bone.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app