JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Regulation effect of β-catenin pathway on TGF-β1 induced pulmonary pro-fibrosis]

X R Tian, X L Tian, H F Wang, Q Chang, R J Huo, D L Ying, G P Zheng
Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal] 2016 June 28, 96 (24): 1929-33
27373364

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the regulation effect of β-catenin pathway on transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-β1) induced pulmonary pro-fibrosis.

METHODS: The rat alveolar typeⅡ cells (RLE-6TN) were divided into four groups: A1.control group; B1.TGF-β1 group was treated with 5 μg/L TGF-β1; C1.pcDNA+ TGF-β1 group was transiently transfected with eukaryotic expression vector pcDNA3.0 (pcDNA) and followed by TGF-β1 treatment (5 μg/L); D1.F-(β-TrCP)-Ecad+ TGF-β1 group was transiently transfected with β-catenin protein knockout vector [F-(β-TrCP)-Ecad] and followed by TGF-β1 treatment (5 μg/L). After 24 hours, cells were observed under the inverted phase contrast microscope, then the expressions of E-cadherin, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and fibronectin (Fn) in each group were measured by Western blot and the mRNA levels of Snail which was the downstream profibrotic transcription production in cell culture supernatants of each group were detected by real-time fluorescence quantification-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) .The rat alveolar macrophages (CRL-2192) were divided into five groups: A2.control group; B2.Interferon gamma (IFN-γ) group was treated by 20 μg/L IFN-γ; C2.TGF-β1+ IFN-γ group was treated by 20 μg/L IFN-γ with 10 μg/L TGF-β1; D2.F-(β-TrCP)-Ecad+ TGF-β1+ IFN-γ group was transfected with F-(β-TrCP)-Ecad and other dispose was the same as group C2; E2.WTβ-catenin+ TGF-β1+ IFN-γ group was transfected with WTβ-catenin and other dispose was the same as group C2.After 24 hours, protein levels of β-catenin in group A2, B2, C2 were determined by Western blot.Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) mRNA levels of each group were detected by RT-PCR.

RESULTS: The RLE-6TN cells of group B1, C1 showed a change in morphology to spindle-shaped cells, the cells of group D1 maintained a cobblestone morphology. Protein expressions of the fibroblast markers α-SMA and Fn, and mRNA expressions of the downstream profibrotic transcription production Snail of group B1, C1 were significantly higher than group A1, while protein expressions of the epithelial marker E-cadherin were significantly lower.The protein expressions of α-SMA, Fn and mRNA expressions Snail of group D1 were significantly lower than group C1 (0.352±0.076 vs 0.937±0.303, 0.319±0.072 vs 0.903±0.211, 3.675±0.642 vs 9.708±2.031), while the protein expressions of E-cadherin were significantly higher (1.482±0.227 vs 0.604±0.121) (all P<0.05). The steady state protein levels of β-catenin in CRL-2192 cells was low and β-catenin protein expressions of CRL-2192 cells in group A2, B2 and C2 had no significantly statistical differences.The mRNA expressions of iNOS of group B2 cells were significantly higher than group A2, C2, D2, E2 (64.95±4.47 vs 9.87±0.73, 21.32±2.41, 18.35±3.61, 22.87±3.14) (all P<0.01), the expressions of iNOS of group C2, D2, E2 were all higher than group A2 (all P<0.05), but there were no significant differences among group C2, D2 and E2.

CONCLUSIONS: Inhibition of β-catenin pathway inhibits TGF-β1-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and has no effect on its anti-inflammation effect.Therefore, β-catenin pathway regulates the pulmonary pro-fibrosis effect of TGF-β1.

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