Novel use of porcine urinary bladder matrix for pediatric pilonidal wound care: preliminary experience

Robert M Dorman, Kathryn D Bass
Pediatric Surgery International 2016, 32 (10): 997-1002

BACKGROUND: Extracellular matrix is used in various applications. We present our preliminary experience using a new device that consists of a porcine extracellular matrix with an epithelial basement membrane (MatriStem(®), ACell, Inc. Columbia, MD, USA) for adolescent pilonidal disease.

METHODS: A retrospective review of four patients with pilonidal disease was undertaken. Three occurred in the gluteal cleft, and the fourth in the umbilicus. In the first patient, the wound deficit was filled with lyophilized MicroMatrix powder and a sheet of Multilayer Wound Matrix was placed to cover the wound. In the second patient, two sinus tracts were debrided, packed with MicroMatrix, and a sheet of fenestrated Burn Matrix was applied. In the third patient, MicroMatrix and Surgical Matrix PSMX (six-layer) was applied as a roll filling the dead space. In the last patient, an umbilical sinus 3 cm deep was packed with MicroMatrix powder followed by a rolled sheet of 2-ply Surgical Matrix RS. Patients were evaluated weekly post-operatively, and more MicroMatrix and sheet material was added if a wound deficit was still present. Measurements were taken in two dimensions, diameter and depth, to characterize wounds.

RESULTS: Resolution of wound deficit was graphed versus time. Pain was assessed by scoring 0-10. Rapid wound closure was achieved. Two of the patients had failed wound healing with saline dressing changes prior to MatriStem application. These two patients in particular were highly satisfied with the comfort of the MatriStem approach relative to their time with saline dressings. Most had no pain after 1 week when bolster sutures were removed.

CONCLUSION: In the treatment of open pilonidal wounds in adolescents, porcine urinary bladder matrix wound care devices offer closure times and cost similar to well-established methods while offering a substantial advantage in terms of patient comfort and convenience. This preliminary experience supports a prospective study.

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