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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Highly Efficient, Selective, and Stable CO2 Electroreduction on a Hexagonal Zn Catalyst

Da Hye Won, Hyeyoung Shin, Jaekang Koh, Jaehoon Chung, Hee Sang Lee, Hyungjun Kim, Seong Ihl Woo
Angewandte Chemie 2016 August 1, 55 (32): 9297-300
27352078
Electrocatalytic CO2 conversion into fuel is a prospective strategy for the sustainable energy production. However, still many parts of the catalyst such as low catalytic activity, selectivity, and stability are challenging. Herein, a hierarchical hexagonal Zn catalyst showed highly efficient and, more importantly, stable performance as an electrocatalyst for selectively producing CO. Moreover, we found that its high selectivity for CO is attributed to morphology. In electrochemical analysis, Zn (101) facet is favorable to CO formation whereas Zn (002) facet favors the H2 evolution during CO2 electrolysis. Indeed, DFT calculations showed that (101) facet lowers a reduction potential for CO2 to CO by more effectively stabilizing a (.) COOH intermediate than (002) facet. This further suggests that tuning the crystal structure to control (101)/(002) facet ratio of Zn can be considered as a key design principle to achieve a desirable product from Zn catalyst.

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