Growth hormone (GH) enhances anaerobic capacity: impact on physical function and quality of life in adults with GH deficiency

Viral Chikani, Ross C Cuneo, Ingrid Hickman, Ken K Y Ho
Clinical Endocrinology 2016, 85 (4): 660-8

CONTEXT: Anaerobic capacity is impaired in adults with GH deficiency (GHD), adversely affecting physical function and quality of life (QoL).

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether GH replacement improves anaerobic capacity, physical function and QoL in adults with GHD.

DESIGN: One-month double-blind placebo-controlled crossover study of GH (0·5 mg/day), followed by a 6-month open phase.

PATIENTS: A total of 18 adults with GHD.

MEASUREMENTS: Anaerobic power (watts) was assessed by the 30-s Wingate test, and aerobic capacity by the VO2 max (l/min) test. Physical functional was assessed by the stair climb test, chair stand test, 7-day pedometry and QoL by the AGHDA questionnaire. Lean body mass (LBM) was quantified by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.

RESULTS: GH replacement normalized IGF-1 levels during both study phases. During the 1-month placebo-controlled study, improvement in stair climb and chair stand performance was observed during GH and placebo treatment; however, there were no significant GH effects observed in any outcome measure compared to placebo. Six months of GH treatment significantly increased anaerobic power (P < 0·05), chair stand repetitions (P < 0·0001), daily step count (P < 0·05) and QoL scores (P < 0·001) compared to baseline measurements. GH treatment did not significantly improve VO2 max. Improvement in anaerobic power independently predicted an improvement in energy and vitality domain of QoL (P = 0·03).

CONCLUSIONS: GH replacement improves anaerobic capacity, physical function and QoL in a time-dependent manner in adults with GHD. Improvement in the anaerobic but not aerobic energy system is likely to underlie the improvement in QoL in patients with GHD during GH replacement.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.