JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Epidemiological investigation of hospitalized children with burn injuries in a hospital of Fuzhou]

Lin Li, Renqin Lin, Le Xu, Qiong Pan, Jiaxi Dai, Meiyun Jiang, Zhaohong Chen
Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns 2016, 32 (6): 351-5
27321489

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of hospitalized children with burn injuries in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, so as to provide evidence to complete an adequate, timely, and effective prevention and treatment system of children with burn injuries.

METHODS: Medical records of children with burn injuries, aged 14 and under, hospitalized in the Department of Burns from July 2012 to June 2015 were collected. Data of gender and age, location and cause of injury, time of injury, state of injury, admission time after injury, first aid, length of hospital stay, and treatment and so on were recorded. They were divided into 4 age brackets: less than or equal to 1 year old, more than 1 year old and less than or equal to 3 years old, more than 3 years old and less than or equal to 7 years old, more than 7 years old and less than or equal to 14 years old, then gender and cause of injury of children in the 4 age brackets were analyzed. Admission months of the children were divided into spring (March to May), summer (June to August), autumn (September to November) and winter (December to February of the following year), and then the cause of injury of children in each season was analyzed. Severities of male and female children, length of hospital stay of children with different causes of injury were analyzed. Data were processed with chi-square test, Wilcoxon rank-sum test.

RESULTS: Out of 2 608 inpatients with burn injuries, 1 407 children with burn injuries, aged 14 and under, accounting for 53.9%, were admitted in the recent 3 years. The ratio of male to female was 1.6 ∶1.0. Children more than 1 year old and less than or equal to 3 years old ranked the largest number (68.3%, 961/1 407) in the 4 age brackets. There was statistically significant difference in constituent ratios of gender of children among the 4 age brackets (χ(2)=11.00, P=0.012). One thousand three hundred and seventy-two children were burned indoors (97.5%), while 35 children were burned outdoors (2.5%). Scalding with hot fluids was the most common cause of burn (95.0%, 1 337/1 407). There was statistically significant difference in constituent ratios of injury cause of children among the 4 age brackets (χ(2)=107.23, P<0.01). There was statistically significant difference in constituent ratios of injury cause of children more than 7 years old and less than or equal to 14 years old compared with those of the other 3 age brackets (with χ(2) values from 12.88 to 119.85, P values below 0.01). Most burn accidents occurred between 17: 00-20: 59 (33.5%, 472/1 407). Burns were more likely to happen in April to October. July (10.4%, 146/1 407) and August (10.5%, 148/1 407) were the crest-time. Most of the children were burned in summer (35.3%, 496/1 407). There was statistically significant difference in the injury cause of children among each season (χ(2)=14.61, P=0.024). The burn degrees of male and female children were mainly mild or moderate, and there was no statistically significant difference in the severity (Z=-0.39, P>0.05). The trunk was the most involved anatomic site (61.1%, 859/1 407). Most of children were admitted to hospital within 2 hours post burn (79.7%, 1 121/1 407). Majority of children were taken off clothes as first aid on spot or did not receive any treatment. Most of the children were discharged within 2 weeks after admission (80.0%, 1 126/1 407). There was statistically significant difference in length of hospital stay of children with causes of hot liquid scald, flame burn, electric burn, high temperature solid burn, chemical burn (χ(2) =17.33, P=0.002). Most of the children were treated with non-surgical methods, and the majority of the children got better condition or totally recovered and then discharged.

CONCLUSIONS: The majority of hospitalized children with burn injuries in our unit are young boys in preschool period, who were burnt by hot fluid at the time of dinner and bathing at home during summer. So we should make more effort on popularization of prevention about burn.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
27321489
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"