Development and validation of a UPLC-MS/MS method for quantitation of droxidopa in human plasma: Application to a pharmacokinetic study

Haidong Wang, Guangsheng Yang, Jinyu Zhou, Jiang Pei, Qiangfeng Zhang, Xingfa Song, Zengxian Sun
Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences 2016 August 1, 1027: 234-8
In this study, a simple and sensitive ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for quantitation of droxidopa in human plasma for the first time. A simple plasma protein precipitation method using methanol containing 3% formic acid was selected, and the separation was achieved by an Acquity UPLC™ BEH Amide column (2.1mm×50mm, 1.7μm) with a gradient elution using acetonitrile, ammonium formate buffer and formic acid as mobile phase. The detection of droxidopa and benserazide (internal standard, IS) was performed using positive-ion electrospray tandem mass spectrometry via multiple reaction monitoring (MRM). The precursor-to-product ion transitions m/z 214.2→m/z 152.0 for droxidopa, and m/z 258.1→m/z 139.1 for IS were used for quantification. A lower limit of quantification of 5.00ng/mL was achieved and the linear curve range was 5.00-4000ng/mL using a weighted (1/x(2)) linear regression model. Intra-assay and inter-assay precision was less than 10.2%, and the accuracy ranged from 0.1% to 2.1%. Stability, recovery and matrix effects were within the acceptance criteria recommended by the regulatory bioanalytical guidelines. The method was successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study of droxidopa in healthy Chinese volunteers.

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