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CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc Scores Predict the Risk of Ischemic Stroke Outcome in Patients with Interatrial Block without Atrial Fibrillation

Jin-Tao Wu, Shan-Ling Wang, Ying-Jie Chu, De-Yong Long, Jian-Zeng Dong, Xian-Wei Fan, Hai-Tao Yang, Hong-Yan Duan, Li-Jie Yan, Peng Qian
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis 2017 February 1, 24 (2): 176-184
27301462

AIM: To evaluate the role of CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores in predicting the risk of ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) outcomes in patients with interatrial block (IAB) without a history of atrial fibrillation (AF).

METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted, including 1,046 non-anticoagulated inpatients (612 males, 434 females; mean age: 63±10 years) with IAB and without AF. IAB was defined as P-wave duration >120 ms using a 12-lead electrocardiogram. CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores were retrospectively calculated. The primary outcomes evaluated were ischemic stroke or TIA.

RESULTS: During the mean follow-up period of 4.9±0.7 years, 55 (5.3%) patients had an ischemic stroke or TIA. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the CHADS2 score [area under the curve (AUC), 0.638; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.562-0.715; P=0.001] and the CHA2DS2-VASc score (AUC, 0.671; 95% CI, 0.599-0.744; P<0.001) were predictive of ischemic strokes or TIA. Cut-off point analysis showed that a CHADS2 score ≥3 (sensitivity=0.455 and specificity=0.747) and a CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥4 (sensitivity=0.564 and specificity=0.700) provided the highest predictive value for ischemic stroke or TIA. The multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that CHADS2 [hazard ratio (HR), 1.442; 95% CI, 1.171-1.774; P=0.001] and CHA2DS2-VASc (HR, 1.420; 95% CI, 1.203-1.677; P<0.001) scores were independently associated with ischemic stroke or TIA following adjustment for smoking, left atrial diameter, antiplatelet agents, angiotensin inhibitors, and statins.

CONCLUSIONS: CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores may be predictors of risk of ischemic stroke or TIA in patients with IAB without AF.

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