[Monitoring intracranial pressure in severe traumatic brain injury]

José Ramón García-Lira, Rita Esther Zapata-Vázquez, Felipe Alonzo-Vázquez, Suemy Gabriela Rodríguez-Ruz, Manuel Rene Medina-Moreno, Jose Luis Torres-Escalante
Revista Chilena de Pediatría 2016, 87 (5): 387-394

INTRODUCTION: Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious condition. Intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring can be used to direct treatment, which is of limited access in developing countries.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical experience of pediatric patients with severe TBI.

PATIENTS AND METHOD: A clinical experience in patients with severe TBI was conducted. Age was 1-17 years, exclusion criteria were chronic illness and psicomotor retardation. Informed consent was obtained in each case. Two groups were formed based on the criterion of neurosurgeons: with and without intracraneal pressure (ICP) monitoring. PIC monitoring was performed through a 3PN Spiegelberg catheter and a Spiegelberg HDM 26 monitor. Patients were treated according international pediatric guides. The characteristics of both groups are described at 6 months of follow-up.

RESULTS: Forty-two patients (CM=14 and SM=28). Those in the CM Group had lower Glasgow coma scale score and Marshall classification with poorer prognosis. Among them survival rate was lower, although the outcome was from moderate to good. No complications were reported with the use of the ICP catheter.

CONCLUSION: Patients with ICP monitoring had greater severity at admission and an increased mortality; however, the outcome for the survivors was from moderate to good. It is necessary to conduct randomized clinical trials to define the impact of ICP monitoring on survival and quality of life in severe TBI patients.

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