In vivo evidence for a limited role of proximal tubular Klotho in renal phosphate handling

Noriko Ide, Hannes Olauson, Tadatoshi Sato, Michael Joseph Densmore, Hao Wang, Jun-Ichi Hanai, Tobias E Larsson, Beate Lanske
Kidney International 2016, 90 (2): 348-362
Klotho is a transmembrane protein expressed in the renal tubules where it acts as a permissive coreceptor for fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23). FGF23 signaling reduces the abundance of CYP27b1 and phosphate cotransporters NPT2a and NPT2c, leading to a decrease in 1,25(OH)2D3 synthesis and a rise in urinary phosphate excretion, respectively. Systemic or whole-nephron deletion of Klotho in mice results in renal FGF23 resistance characterized by high 1,25(OH)2D3 and phosphate levels and premature aging. Expression of Klotho is highest in the distal tubules, whereas 25OH vitamin D 1α hydroxylation and phosphate reabsorption predominantly occur in the proximal tubules. Currently, the segment-specific roles of Klotho in renal tubules are not fully understood. Here we have generated mice with Klotho specifically ablated from the proximal tubules using 3 different Cre mouse strains. All 3 models displayed impaired urinary phosphate excretion and increased abundance of NPT2a in the brush border membrane. Notably, hyperphosphatemia in knockout mice was mild or nonexistent under basal conditions but occurred upon high phosphate loading, indicating the presence of compensatory mechanisms. Effects on 1,25(OH)2D3 varied between mouse strains but were modest overall. Thus, Klotho expressed in the proximal tubules has a defined but limited role in renal phosphate handling in vivo.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"