JOURNAL ARTICLE

Overexpression of HSPA1A enhances the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells via activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway

Wei Zhang, Deting Xue, Houfa Yin, Shengdong Wang, Chao Li, Erman Chen, Dongcai Hu, Yiqing Tao, Jiawei Yu, Qiang Zheng, Xiang Gao, Zhijun Pan
Scientific Reports 2016 June 9, 6: 27622
27279016
HSPA1A, which encodes cognate heat shock protein 70, plays important roles in various cellular metabolic pathways. To investigate its effects on osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), its expression level was compared between undifferentiated and differentiated BMSCs. Rat HSPA1A overexpression in BMSCs increased osteoblast-specific gene expression, alkaline phosphatase activity, and mineral deposition in vitro. Moreover, it upregulated β-catenin and downregulated DKK1 and SOST. The enhanced osteogenesis due to HSPA1A overexpression was partly rescued by a Wnt/β-catenin inhibitor. Additionally, using a rat tibial fracture model, a sheet of HSPA1A-overexpressing BMSCs improved bone fracture healing, as determined by imaging and histological analysis. Taken together, these findings suggest that HSPA1A overexpression enhances osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs, partly through Wnt/β-catenin.

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