Outcome of Endoscopic Sinus Surgery in the Treatment of Chronic Rhinosinusitis

T Rahman, M M Alam, S Ahmed, M A Karim, M Rahman, M Wahiduzzaman
Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ 2016, 25 (2): 261-70
This prospective study was conducted to compare the outcome of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) using SNOT-20 score chart (subjective) and Lund & Kennedy scoring chart (objective) and carried out in the Department of Otolaryngology & Head-Neck Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Dhaka Medical College Hospital (DMCH) & Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College Hospital (ShSMCH) from July 2010 to March 2012. Total 73 admitted cases were selected purposively for ESS, male 53(72.60%) and female 20(27.40%). Among the study participants 10(13.7%) had chronic rhinosinusitis with bilateral polyposis and 26(35.62%) had chronic rhinosinusitis with unilateral polyposis and 12(16.44%) had bilateral chronic rhinosinusitis without polyposis and 25(34.25%) had unilateral chronic rhinosinusitis without polyposis. Surgical procedures done among the patients were Uncinectomy (infundibulectomy), Middle Meatal Antrostomy; Anterior Ethmoidectomy; Sphenoidotomy, Associated septoplasty and no significant per or post operative complications were noted. In Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with polyposis pre operative SNOT-20 mean and SD 1.322±0.341 and post ESS snot-20 mean and SD 0.3472±0.0755, CRS without polyposis pre operative SNOT-20 mean and SD 0.9297±0.86 and post ESS SNOT-20 mean and SD 1986±0.0558. In CRS with polyposis pre operative Lund & Kennedy score of endoscopic assessment, mean and SD 5.333±2.255 and post ESS mean and SD 1.31±1.009. In CRS without polyposis pre op Lund & Kennedy score mean and SD 3.108±1.074 and post ESS mean and SD 0.76±0.641.Post ESS SNOT-20 in CRS with Polyposis, 't' test result was 27.58 which was significant (p<0.001) and in CRS without Polyposis was 21.622 which was significant (p<0.001); Lund & Kennedy Score of post ESS in CRS with Polyposis 't' test result was 7.763 which was significant (p<0.001), CRS without Polyposis was 7.177 which was significant (p<0.001).This implies that outcome of ESS in treatment of CRS with or without polyposis had statistically significant role. Symptomatic relief and quality of life improvement after ESS was compared by improvement in post operative scores of SNOT-20 & Lund-Kennedy score of endoscopic assessment. Post operative lower values were considered to be better improvement status. The results of the study suggests that ESS performed in Chronic Rhinosinusitis without Polyposis cases, relief of symptoms and quality of life improved was better than Chronic Rhinosinusitis with Polyposis cases postoperatively as compared by SNOT-20 and Lund & Kennedy score of endoscopic assessment.


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