Ultrasound Tutorials in Under 10 Minutes: Experience and Results

Susan J Back, Kassa Darge, Maria A Bedoya, Jorge Delgado, Yocabel Gorfu, Daniel Zewdneh, Janet R Reid
AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology 2016, 207 (3): 653-60

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to validate the use of web-based tutorials to teach technical skills in pediatric ultrasound.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A series of 10 video tutorials, each of which was less than 10 minutes long, was created to improve the education of radiology trainees in terms of their ultrasound technique. Pediatric radiology fellow trainees from our institution in the United States and radiology resident trainees from our partner institution in Ethiopia were invited to participate in the study. Validation of the video tutorials was performed using two learning modules that focused on the renal bladder and the right upper quadrant (RUQ). Pretest and posttest skill and confidence assessments were also conducted. After watching the tutorials, the trainees completed questionnaires that assessed the reach, appeal, and learning effectiveness of the modules.

RESULTS: Ten fellow trainees and eight resident trainees participated in the study. The fellows were invited to evaluate both the RUQ and the renal bladder learning modules, whereas the residents evaluated the RUQ module only. Before reviewing the RUQ module, the fellows had performed a median of four RUQ ultrasound examinations, whereas the residents had performed a median of 400 RUQ ultrasound examinations. After the trainees viewed the learning module, the median skills test scores of the fellows increased from 20 to 37.5 (highest possible score, 45) (p < 0.01), and those of the residents increased from 38 to 40 (highest possible score, 40) (p = 0.04). With a total possible score of 15, the median confidence score improved from 8 to 11 for fellows (p < 0.01) and from 13.5 to 14.5 for residents (p = 0.04). After the fellows viewed the renal bladder learning module, their median skills test scores increased from 20 to 37.5 (highest possible score, 40) (p < 0.01), and their median confidence score increased from 8.5 to 11 (highest possible score, 15) (p = 0.01). Trainees gave the tutorials positive ratings overall.

CONCLUSION: Radiology fellow trainees and resident trainees with disparate backgrounds in ultrasound showed significant improvement in their technical skills in pediatric ultrasound and confidence after viewing the tutorials. The web-based design of the tutorials allows integration of international pediatric radiology training communities.

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