JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

BET Bromodomain as a Target of Epigenetic Therapy

Tomomi Noguchi-Yachide
Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 2016, 64 (6): 540-7
27250788
Acetylation of histone is a key epigenetic modification, and contributes to many DNA-dependent cellular processes. The bromodomain structure, which consists of approximately 110 amino acid residues, serves as a 'reader' that recognizes acetylated lysine in histones, leading to recruitment of positive transcriptional elongation factor b (P-TEFb), and thereby promoting transcriptional activity and chromatin remodeling. Among bromodomain-containing proteins, members of the bromodomain and extra-terminal domain (BET) family contain tandem N-terminal bromodomains. BET proteins, especially BRD4, have attracted interest as candidate therapeutic targets due to their putative involvement in the pathogenesis of various diseases, including cancer and inflammatory diseases. Several BET inhibitors are under clinical trial for treatment of various cancers. Furthermore, polypharmacological agents such as dual kinase/BET inhibitors and dual histone deacetylase (HDAC)/BET inhibitors have recently been developed, in addition to agents that degrade BET family proteins, such as proteolysis-targeting chimeras (PROTACs). This paper reviews recent progress in epigenetic therapy targeting the BET bromodomain.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
27250788
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"