A Two-Period Open-Label, Single-Dose Crossover Study in Healthy Volunteers to Evaluate the Drug-Drug Interaction Between Cimetidine and Inhaled Extrafine CHF 5993

Fabrizia Mariotti, Giorgia Ciurlia, Luca Spaccapelo, Annamaria Muraro, Daniela Acerbi
European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics 2017, 42 (2): 269-279

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: CHF 5993 is an extrafine 'triple therapy' combination of the long-acting muscarinic antagonist glycopyrronium bromide (GB), the long-acting β2-agonist formoterol fumarate (FF), and the inhaled corticosteroid beclometasone dipropionate (BDP). It is in development for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma delivered via pressurised metered-dose inhaler.

METHODS: This two-period, open-label, crossover study examined the drug-drug interaction of CHF 5993 and cimetidine. In one period, subjects received cimetidine 800 mg twice daily for 6 days; on the fourth day they also received CHF 5993 (BDP/FF/GB 400/24/100 µg). In the other, they received CHF 5993 alone. Primary objective was to compare the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time 0 to last quantifiable concentration (AUC0-t) of GB, with and without cimetidine. Secondary endpoints included GB AUC0-12h, maximum concentration (C max), time to C max (t max), elimination half-life (t ½) and urinary excretion. Pharmacokinetic parameters of BDP, beclometasone-17-monopropionate (B17MP; active metabolite of BDP) and formoterol were also evaluated.

RESULTS: Twenty-six subjects were randomised; 25 completed. Co-administration of CHF 5993 and cimetidine resulted in small, statistically significant increases in GB AUC0-t, AUC0-12h and C max vs CHF 5993 (ratios 1.16, 1.21 and 1.26, respectively); t ½, t max and urinary excretion were unaffected. There were small, statistically significant increases in formoterol AUC0-t, AUC0-24h and t ½ following co-administration of cimetidine and CHF 5993; urinary excretion was unaffected. There were no significant differences for either BDP or B17MP. There were few adverse events (AEs), and no serious AEs.

CONCLUSIONS: Overall, this study indicates that there is no clinically relevant drug-drug interaction between CHF 5993 and cimetidine.

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