Bronchopulmonary dysplasia: radiographic appearance in middle childhood

N T Griscom, W B Wheeler, N B Sweezey, Y C Kim, J C Lindsey, M E Wohl
Radiology 1989, 171 (3): 811-4
Chest radiographs were compared for three groups of children 8-9 years old: 23 survivors of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), 33 survivors of hyaline membrane disease without BPD, and 35 survivors of premature birth without neonatal respiratory problems. Only four children in the second group and three in the third had abnormal lungs. Linear shadows, apparently representing strands of fibrosis or deep pleural fissuring, were seen more frequently (15 of 23) in the BPD group than in the others (P less than .0001). Seventeen children in the BPD group had definite pulmonary abnormalities, none of them severe. The anteroposterior dimension of the chest in survivors of BPD tended to be decreased (P less than .001 vs that of reported control subjects).

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