Pulmonary dose-volume predictors of radiation pneumonitis following stereotactic body radiation therapy

Eileen M Harder, Henry S Park, Zhe Jay Chen, Roy H Decker
Practical Radiation Oncology 2016, 6 (6): e353-e359

PURPOSE: Radiation pneumonitis (RP) may be severe after stereotactic body radiation therapy. Our purpose was to identify pulmonary and cardiac dosimetric parameters that predicted for post-stereotactic body radiation therapy grade ≥2 RP.

METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 335 patients with ≥3 months' follow-up were included. Normal pulmonary volume was total lungs minus gross tumor volume. Pulmonary maximum dose, mean lung dose (MLD), and the percent of lung receiving ≥x Gy for 5 to 50 Gy in 5-Gy increments were collected. Cardiac maximum dose, mean dose, volume of lung receiving ≥0.1 Gy (V0.1), V0.25 to V1, and V2.5 to V12.5 were recorded. Multivariable logistic regression with manual backward stepwise elimination was used to identify the best dosimetric predictors of toxicity. Optimal dose-volume cutoffs were isolated with recursive partitioning analysis (RPA).

RESULTS: The grade ≥2 RP rate was 18.8%. Pulmonary V5 to V50, MLD, and cardiac V0.1 to V2.5 were significantly associated with toxicity on univariate analysis. On multivariable logistic regression, V10 was the strongest dosimetric predictor of grade ≥2 RP (odds ratio, 1.052; 95% confidence interval, 1.014-1.092; P = .007). RPA identified a 21.6% risk of grade ≥2 RP with V10 ≥6.14% (vs 3.8% with <6.14). MLD was the most significant predictor of grade ≥3 RP (odds ratio, 1.002; 95% confidence interval, 1.000-1.003; P = .031). RPA identified a 25.0% risk of grade ≥3 RP with MLD ≥7.84 Gy (vs 8.0% when <7.84 Gy).

CONCLUSIONS: With a grade ≥2 RP rate of 18.8%, lung V10 was the best predictor of grade ≥2 toxicity. MLD was the best predictor of grade ≥3 RP.


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